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50 ways that MIT has transformed computing
CSAIL was founded as Project MAC on July 1, 1963 with the goal of developing a system that would allow individuals to access computational power much as we are able to access electricity for our homes. The result was time-sharing and a new paradigm of interactive computing, which laid the foundation for many of today’s basic design concepts for software systems.
In 2014 we commemorated a half-century of computer science with "MAC50", a two-day symposium that both reflected on MIT’s history and explored the future of computing, with talks on robotics, artificial intelligence, Big Data, privacy and other pressing topics. The event featured Ethernet inventor Bob Metcalfe, MIT President L. Rafael Reif and Boston Dynamics co-founder Marc Raibert, among others.
To commemorate the anniversary, we compiled a list of 50 ways that MIT has transformed the field of computer science. These include achievements or notable technologies that either happened at Project MAC (or LCS, the AI Lab or CSAIL), or were spearheaded by MIT EECS alums or lab researchers.
3. The video game (1962)
6. Graphical user interfaces (1963)
11. Email (1971)
20. Optical mouse (1980)
27. AI meets cog-sci (1988)
28. The World Wide Web (1989)
45. Baxter (2012)