# Research

- Research Areas
- Impact Areas

1 Group Results matching all criteria

16 Group Results

#### Research Group

## Applied Computing Group

We design software for high performance computing, develop algorithms for numerical linear algebra, and research random matrix theory and its applications.

#### Research Group

## Commit Group

We focus on finding novel approaches to improve the performance of modern computer systems without unduly increasing the complexity faced by application developers, compiler writers, or computer architects.

#### Research Group

## Complexity Theory Group

Our interests span quantum complexity theory, barriers to solving P versus NP, theoretical computer science with a focus on probabilistically checkable proofs (PCP), pseudo-randomness, coding theory, and algorithms.

#### Research Group

## Computation and Biology

Our lab focuses on designing algorithms to gain biological insights from advances in automated data collection and the subsequent large data sets drawn from them.

#### Research Group

## Computation Structures Group

Our mission is fostering the creation and development of high-performance, reliable and secure computing systems that are easy to interact with.

#### Research Group

## Computational Connectomics Group

Our group’s goal is to create, based on such microscopic connectivity and functional data, new mathematical models explaining how neural tissue computes.

#### Research Group

## Cryptography and Information Security Group

We seek to develop techniques for securing tomorrow's global information infrastructure by exploring theoretical foundations, near-term practical applications, and long-range speculative research.

#### Research Group

## Geometric Data Processing Group

Our group studies geometric problems in computer graphics, computer vision, machine learning, optimization, and other disciplines.

#### Research Group

## Haystack Group

We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, information management, and databases.

#### Research Group

## Multicore Algorithmics

We develop techniques for designing, implementing, and reasoning about multiprocessor algorithms, in particular concurrent data structures for multicore machines and the mathematical foundations of the computation models that govern their behavior.

#### Research Group

## Multimodal Understanding Group

Our objective is to build techniques, software, and hardware that enable natural interaction with

computation.

computation.

#### Research Group

## Quantum Information Science Group

Our research interests center around the capabilities and limits of quantum computers, and computational complexity theory more generally.

#### Research Group

## Supertech Research Group

#### Research Group

## Theory of Computation Group

Theory research at CSAIL covers a broad spectrum of topics, including algorithms, complexity theory, cryptography, distributed systems, parallel computing and quantum computing.

#### Research Group

## Theory of Distributed Systems Group

We work on a wide range of problems in distributed computing theory. We study algorithms and lower bounds for typical problems that arise in distributed systems---like resource allocation, implementing shared memory abstractions, and reliable communication.

57 Project Results

#### Project

## A new way of handling all-to-all broadcast

We design a new all-to-all broadcasts scheme with significantly less communication cost using aggregate signatures.

#### Project

## A Simplified and Extensible Cilk Runtime for Research

CilkS is a new runtime system for the Cilk multithreaded programming environment which makes it easy to experiment with new algorithms, data structures, and programming linguistics.

#### Project

## Algebraic Techniques for Algorithm Design

We work on improving the algorithms for algebraic problems like matrix multiplication, and using these to design algorithms for fundamental non-algebraic problems.

#### Project

## Algorithmic Aspects of Performance Engineering

The project concerns algorithmic solutions for writing fast codes.

#### Project

## Approximating the diameter of a directed graph

There is a family of approximation algorithms for computing the diameter of an undirected graph that give a time/accuracy trade-off and our goal is to extend these results to directed graphs.

#### Project

## Aspect-Augmented Adversarial Networks for Domain Adaptation

We propose a novel aspect-augmented adversarial network for cross-aspect and cross-domain adaptation tasks. The effectiveness of our approach suggests the potential application of adversarial networks to a broader range of NLP tasks for improved representation learning, such as machine translation and language generation.

#### Project

## Basing Cryptography on Structured Hardness

We aim to base a variety of cryptographic primitives on complexity theoretic assumptions. We focus on the assumption that there exist highly structured problems --- admitting so called "zero-knowledge" protocols --- that are nevertheless hard to compute

#### Project

## BlueDBM: Distributed Flash Storage for Big Data Analytics

BlueDBM is an architecture of computer clusters consisting of fast distributed flash storage and in-storage accelerators, which often outperforms larger and more expensive clusters in applications such as graph analytics.

#### Project

## Bridging Theory and Practice in Shared-Memory Parallel Algorithm Design

This project aims to design parallel algorithms for shared-memory machines that are efficient both in theory and also in practice.

#### Project

## Coresets for Machine Learning Algorithms

Our goal is to design novel data compression techniques to accelerate popular machine learning algorithms in Big Data and streaming settings.

#### Project

## Data Garbling: Computing on Encrypted Data

We are investigating the limits of computing on encrypted data, with a focus on the private outsourcing of computation over sensitive data.

#### Project

## Deep Inverse Planning

Deep inverse planning for learning from high-dimensional demonstrations

#### Project

## Deterministic Algorithms for Robotic Task and Motion Planning

Our goal is to investigate deterministic algorithms for robotic task and motion planning.

#### Project

## Distributed Computation in Ant Colonies

#### Group

Theory of Computation GroupWe are interested in applying insights from distributed computing theory to understand how ants and other social insects work together to perform complex tasks such as foraging for food, allocating tasks to workers, and choosing high quality nest sites.

#### Project

## Diversity-inducing Probability Measures

We aim to understand theory and applications of diversity-inducing probabilities (and, more generally, "negative dependence") in machine learning, and develop fast algorithms based on their mathematical properties.

#### Project

## Driver-Friendly Bilateral Control for Suppressing Traffic Instabilities

Self-driving cars themselves can solve traffic problems even without global control.

#### Project

## Efficient Robust Estimation in High Dimensions

We are developing robust estimators for multivariate distributions which are both computationally efficient and near-optimal in terms of their accuracy. Our focus is on methods which are both theoretically sound and practically effective.

#### Project

## Fast Lightweight Autonomy

The goal of the FLA program is to explore non-traditional perception and autonomy methods that could enable a new class of algorithms for minimalistic high-speed navigation in cluttered environments.

#### Project

## Formal Synthesis of Distributed System Protocols

A Coq framework for correct-by-construction derivation of distributed system protocols

#### Project

## Generating Good Adversarial Examples for Neural Networks

Our goal is to better understand adversarial examples by 1) bounding the minimum perturbation that needs to be added to a regular input example to cause a given neural network to misclassify it, and 2) generating some adversarial input example with minimum perturbation.

#### Project

## Hidden Influencers, Risk and Causes of Infection

We aim to study the causes and transmission modes of infectious diseases among members of a community in the presence of hidden, asymptomatic spreaders of the pathogen.

#### Project

## Is the Casino using a Riffle Shuffle?

Our goal in this project is to understand how one can test if a particular dealer's shuffles follow a certain pattern. We have developed a theoretical framework for the same and wish to understand its performance in practice.

#### Project

## Kami: A Modular Deductive Hardware Verification Platform

A framework to support implementing, specifying, verifying, and compiling hardware designs, modularly

#### Project

## KPart: A novel technique for partitioning shared caches

KPart is a cache partitioning-sharing technique that unlocks significant performance on current commodity multicore systems.

46 People Results

## Cenk Baykal

Graduate Student

## Martin Demaine

Robotics Engineer

## Debayan Gupta

Lecturer

## Joanne Hanley

Administrative Assistant II

## Jamey Hicks

Research Affiliate

## Mark Jeffrey

Graduate Student

## Gautam Kamath

Graduate Student

## Lucas Liebenwein

Graduate Student

## Andrea Lincoln

Graduate Student

## Andrew Lo

Professor

12 News Results

## Programming drones to fly in the face of uncertainty

CSAIL's NanoMap system enables drones to avoid obstacles while flying at 20 miles per hour, by more deeply integrating sensing and control.

## Institute launches the MIT Intelligence Quest

New Institute-wide initiative will advance human and machine intelligence research.

## MIT security experts discuss “Spectre” and “Meltdown” processor flaws

Last week CSAIL hosted the second “Hot Topics in Computing” speaker series, a monthly forum where computing experts hold discussions with community members on various topics in the computer science field.

## Goldwasser, Micali, and Rivest win BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards

This week it was announced that MIT professors and CSAIL principal investigators Shafi Goldwasser, Silvio Micali, Ronald Rivest, and former MIT professor Adi Shamir won this year’s BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards in the Information and Communication Technologies category for their work in cryptography.

## Improving traffic - by tailgating less

New CSAIL work shows that traffic would flow faster if drivers kept an equal distance between cars

## Four from MIT named 2017 Association for Computer Machinery Fellows

Today four MIT faculty were named among the Association for Computer Machinery's 2017 Fellows for making “landmark contributions to computing.”

## Goldwasser gives briefing on cryptography to Congress

Last week CSAIL principal investigator Shafi Goldwasser spoke about cryptography and privacy as part of the annual congressional briefing of the American Mathematical Society (AMS) and the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI).

## Faster big-data analysis

We live in the age of big data, but most of that data is “sparse.” Imagine, for instance, a massive table that mapped all of Amazon’s customers against all of its products, with a “1” for each product a given customer bought and a “0” otherwise. The table would be mostly zeroes.

## Selective memory

In a traditional computer, a microprocessor is mounted on a “package,” a small circuit board with a grid of electrical leads on its bottom. The package snaps into the computer’s motherboard, and data travels between the processor and the computer’s main memory bank through the leads.

## Making data centers more energy efficient

Most modern websites store data in databases, and since database queries are relatively slow, most sites also maintain so-called cache servers, which list the results of common queries for faster access. A data center for a major web service such as Google or Facebook might have as many as 1,000 servers dedicated just to caching.

## CSAIL's Daniel Jackson receives two ACM awards

This week the Association for Computer Machinery presented CSAIL principal investigator Daniel Jackson with the 2017 ACM SIGSOFT Outstanding Research Award for his pioneering work in software engineering. (This fall he also received the ACM SIGSOFT Impact Paper Award for his research method for finding bugs in code.)An EECS professor and associate director of CSAIL, Jackson was given the Outstanding Research Award for his “foundational contributions to software modeling, the creation of the modeling language Alloy, and the development of a widely used tool supporting model verification.”

## Cinematography on the fly

In recent years, a host of Hollywood blockbusters — including “The Fast and the Furious 7,” “Jurassic World,” and “The Wolf of Wall Street” — have included aerial tracking shots provided by drone helicopters outfitted with cameras. Those shots required separate operators for the drones and the cameras, and careful planning to avoid collisions. But a team of researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and ETH Zurich hope to make drone cinematography more accessible, simple, and reliable.