# Research

- Research Areas
- Impact Areas

3 Group Results matching all criteria

We are investigating decentralized techniques and technologies that affect social change.

#### Research Group

## Haystack Group

We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, information management, and databases.

#### Research Group

## Supertech Research Group

We investigate the technologies that support scalable high-performance computing, including hardware, software, and theory.

6 Project Results matching all criteria

#### Project

## Performance Engineering of Cache Profilers

Our goal is to develop lightweight tools that allow programmers to better understand the cache performance of their applications. Tasks include designing profilers, performance engineering existing ones, and exploring different metrics for cache interactions.

#### Project

## OpenTuner: An Extensible Framework for Program Autotuning

OpenTuner is a new framework for building domain-specific multi-objective program autotuners.

#### Project

## Programming Abstractions for Dynamic Graph Analytics

We plan to develop a programming abstraction to enable programmers to write efficient parallel programs to process dynamic graphs.

#### Project

## Bridging Theory and Practice in Shared-Memory Parallel Algorithm Design

This project aims to design parallel algorithms for shared-memory machines that are efficient both in theory and also in practice.

#### Project

## A Simplified and Extensible Cilk Runtime for Research

CilkS is a new runtime system for the Cilk multithreaded programming environment which makes it easy to experiment with new algorithms, data structures, and programming linguistics.

#### Project

## Distributed Robot Garden

The robot garden provides an aesthetically pleasing educational platform that can visualize computer science concepts and encourage young students to pursue programming and robotics.

1 News Results matching all criteria

## Goldwasser gives briefing on cryptography to Congress

Last week CSAIL principal investigator Shafi Goldwasser spoke about cryptography and privacy as part of the annual congressional briefing of the American Mathematical Society (AMS) and the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI).

28 Group Results

#### Research Group

## Applied Computing Group

We design software for high performance computing, develop algorithms for numerical linear algebra, and research random matrix theory and its applications.

#### Research Group

## Commit Group

We focus on finding novel approaches to improve the performance of modern computer systems without unduly increasing the complexity faced by application developers, compiler writers, or computer architects.

#### Research Group

## Complexity Theory Group

Our interests span quantum complexity theory, barriers to solving P versus NP, theoretical computer science with a focus on probabilistically checkable proofs (PCP), pseudo-randomness, coding theory, and algorithms.

#### Research Group

## Computation and Biology

Our lab focuses on designing algorithms to gain biological insights from advances in automated data collection and the subsequent large data sets drawn from them.

#### Research Group

## Computation Structures Group

Our mission is fostering the creation and development of high-performance, reliable and secure computing systems that are easy to interact with.

#### Research Group

## Computational Connectomics Group

Our group’s goal is to create, based on such microscopic connectivity and functional data, new mathematical models explaining how neural tissue computes.

#### Research Group

## Computer-Aided Programming

We develop techniques and tools that exploit automated reasoning and large amounts of computing power to tackle challenging programming problems

#### Research Group

## Cryptography and Information Security Group

We seek to develop techniques for securing tomorrow's global information infrastructure by exploring theoretical foundations, near-term practical applications, and long-range speculative research.

#### Research Group

## Database Group

We conduct research on all areas of database systems and information management.

#### Research Group

## Decentralized Information Group

We are investigating decentralized techniques and technologies that affect social change.

#### Research Group

## Geometric Data Processing Group

Our group studies geometric problems in computer graphics, computer vision, machine learning, optimization, and other disciplines.

#### Research Group

## Haystack Group

We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, information management, and databases.

#### Research Group

## Julia Lab

We focus on theoretical and numerical aspects of the core Julia language, base library, and several other packages.

#### Research Group

## MIT App Inventor

MIT App Inventor is an intuitive, visual programming environment that allows everyone – even children – to build fully functional apps for smartphones and tablets.

#### Research Group

## Multicore Algorithmics

We develop techniques for designing, implementing, and reasoning about multiprocessor algorithms, in particular concurrent data structures for multicore machines and the mathematical foundations of the computation models that govern their behavior.

#### Research Group

## Multimodal Understanding Group

Our objective is to build techniques, software, and hardware that enable natural interaction with

computation.

computation.

#### Research Group

## Programming Languages & Verification

Mission: improve the software development process by replacing ugly development techniques with beautiful ones

Secret weapon: applied mathematical logic, including computer theorem proving (especially Coq) and type systems

Secret weapon: applied mathematical logic, including computer theorem proving (especially Coq) and type systems

#### Research Group

## Programming Languages and Software Engineering

We research programming languages, software engineering, and related work in human-computer interaction.

#### Research Group

## Programming Methodology Group

We develop innovative approaches for building software and for solving problems in modern parallel and distributed software systems.

#### Research Group

## Quantum Information Science Group

Our research interests center around the capabilities and limits of quantum computers, and computational complexity theory more generally.

#### Research Group

## Software Design Group

Our goal is to find better ways to make software, and ways to make software better.

#### Research Group

## Supertech Research Group

We investigate the technologies that support scalable high-performance computing, including hardware, software, and theory.

77 Project Results

#### Project

## A new way of handling all-to-all broadcast

We design a new all-to-all broadcasts scheme with significantly less communication cost using aggregate signatures.

#### Project

## A Simplified and Extensible Cilk Runtime for Research

CilkS is a new runtime system for the Cilk multithreaded programming environment which makes it easy to experiment with new algorithms, data structures, and programming linguistics.

#### Project

## Algebraic Techniques for Algorithm Design

We work on improving the algorithms for algebraic problems like matrix multiplication, and using these to design algorithms for fundamental non-algebraic problems.

#### Project

## Algorithmic Aspects of Performance Engineering

The project concerns algorithmic solutions for writing fast codes.

#### Project

## An Interlock for Self Driving Cars

Self-driving cars are likely to be safer, on average, than human-driven cars. But they may fail in new and catastrophic ways that a human driver could prevent. This project is designing a new architecture for a highly dependable self-driving car.

#### Project

## Approximating the diameter of a directed graph

There is a family of approximation algorithms for computing the diameter of an undirected graph that give a time/accuracy trade-off and our goal is to extend these results to directed graphs.

#### Project

## Aspect-Augmented Adversarial Networks for Domain Adaptation

We propose a novel aspect-augmented adversarial network for cross-aspect and cross-domain adaptation tasks. The effectiveness of our approach suggests the potential application of adversarial networks to a broader range of NLP tasks for improved representation learning, such as machine translation and language generation.

#### Project

## Basing Cryptography on Structured Hardness

We aim to base a variety of cryptographic primitives on complexity theoretic assumptions. We focus on the assumption that there exist highly structured problems --- admitting so called "zero-knowledge" protocols --- that are nevertheless hard to compute

#### Project

## Bellmania

Deductive synthesis for large-scale implementations of dynamic programming algorithms

#### Project

## Better Models for Ride-Sharing

Traffic is not just a nuisance for drivers: It’s also a public health hazard and bad news for the economy.

#### Project

## Bridging Theory and Practice in Shared-Memory Parallel Algorithm Design

This project aims to design parallel algorithms for shared-memory machines that are efficient both in theory and also in practice.

#### Project

## CilkPride

CilkPride is a programming environment that aims to make performance and safety information always available and appropriately visible to the programmer.

#### Project

## Compilation Using Correct-by-Construction Program Synthesis

We're using proof assistants to build correct, extensible compilers, by rephrasing compilation in terms of producing mathematical proofs.

#### Project

## Compression and Reordering for Parallel Graph Analytics

We plan to develop a suite of graph compression and reordering techniques as part of the Ligra parallel graph processing framework to reduce space usage and improve performance of graph algorithms.

#### Project

## Coresets for Machine Learning Algorithms

Our goal is to design novel data compression techniques to accelerate popular machine learning algorithms in Big Data and streaming settings.

#### Project

## Data Civilizer

Data scientists universally report that they spend at least 80% of their time finding data sets of interest, accessing them, cleaning them and assembling them into a unified whole.

#### Project

## Data Garbling: Computing on Encrypted Data

We are investigating the limits of computing on encrypted data, with a focus on the private outsourcing of computation over sensitive data.

#### Project

## Data Warehouse Construction

Historically, DBMSs in the warehouse space partitioned their data across a shared nothing

cluster.

cluster.

#### Project

## Deep Inverse Planning

Deep inverse planning for learning from high-dimensional demonstrations

#### Project

## Deterministic Algorithms for Robotic Task and Motion Planning

Our goal is to investigate deterministic algorithms for robotic task and motion planning.

#### Project

## Distributed Co-prime Sampling Algorithms

To further parallelize co-prime sampling based sparse sensing with generalized Chinese Remainder Theorem and explore the geometry properties in the remainder code space.

#### Project

## Distributed Computation in Ant Colonies

We are interested in applying insights from distributed computing theory to understand how ants and other social insects work together to perform complex tasks such as foraging for food, allocating tasks to workers, and choosing high quality nest sites.

#### Project

## Distributed Robot Garden

The robot garden provides an aesthetically pleasing educational platform that can visualize computer science concepts and encourage young students to pursue programming and robotics.

#### Project

## Diversity-inducing Probability Measures

We aim to understand theory and applications of diversity-inducing probabilities (and, more generally, "negative dependence") in machine learning, and develop fast algorithms based on their mathematical properties.

53 People Results

## Cenk Baykal

Graduate Student

## Tej Chajed

Graduate Student

## Stephen Chou

Graduate Student

## Valentin Churavy

Graduate Student

## Martin Demaine

Robotics Engineer

## Samuel Gruetter

Graduate Student

## Debayan Gupta

Lecturer

## Joanne Hanley

Administrative Assistant II

## Jamey Hicks

Research Affiliate

## Gautam Kamath

Graduate Student

## Fredrik Berg Kjolstad

Graduate Student

23 News Results

## Holding law-enforcement accountable for electronic surveillance

CSAIL system encourages government transparency using cryptography on a public log of wiretap requests.

## MIT professors win awards for research in theoretical computer science

MIT professors win awards for research in theoretical computer science

## Automating molecule design to speed up drug development

Machine-learning model could help chemists make molecules with higher potencies, much more quickly.

## Teaching chores to an artificial agent

Activity simulator could eventually teach robots tasks like making coffee or setting the table.

## Demaine gives Congressional briefing on intersection of origami and computer science

MIT professor discusses using paper-folding for applications in manufacturing, medicine, and robotics

## Making driverless cars change lanes more like human drivers do

Algorithm computes “buffer zones” around autonomous vehicles and reassess them on the fly.

## Removing health-care barriers and boundaries

MIT’s Amar Gupta and his wife Poonam were on a trip to Los Angeles in 2016 when she fell and broke both wrists. She was whisked by ambulance to a reputable hospital. But staff informed the couple that they couldn’t treat her there, nor could they find another local hospital that would do so. In the end, the couple was forced to take the hospital’s stunning advice: return to Boston for treatment.

## Building AI systems that make fair decisions

Harini Suresh, a PhD student at MIT CSAIL, studies how to make machine learning algorithms more understandable and less biased.

## Using friends to fight online harassment

CSAIL’s “Squadbox” uses “friendsourcing” to better support targets of cyberbullying.

## CSAIL’s Tom Leighton receives Marconi Prize, top prize in communications technology

CSAIL’s Tom Leighton receives Marconi Prize, top prize in communications technology

## Custom carpentry with help from robots

CSAIL’s robotic system minimizes dangerous sawing, helps users customize furniture.

## Liskov receives IEEE Computer Society’s Computer Pioneer Award

This week it was announced that MIT professor and CSAIL principal investigator Barbara Liskov was selected to receive the 2018 IEEE Computer Society’s Computer Pioneer Award for her early concepts and developments in the electronic computer field.

## Programming drones to fly in the face of uncertainty

CSAIL's NanoMap system enables drones to avoid obstacles while flying at 20 miles per hour, by more deeply integrating sensing and control.

## Institute launches the MIT Intelligence Quest

New Institute-wide initiative will advance human and machine intelligence research.

## 3Q: D. Fox Harrell on his video game for the #MeToo era

The Imagination, Computation, and Expression Laboratory at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) has released a new video game called Grayscale, which is designed to sensitize players to problems of sexism, sexual harassment, and sexual assault in the workplace.

## Goldwasser, Micali, and Rivest win BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards

This week it was announced that MIT professors and CSAIL principal investigators Shafi Goldwasser, Silvio Micali, Ronald Rivest, and former MIT professor Adi Shamir won this year’s BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards in the Information and Communication Technologies category for their work in cryptography.

## Improving traffic - by tailgating less

New CSAIL work shows that traffic would flow faster if drivers kept an equal distance between cars

## Four from MIT named 2017 Association for Computer Machinery Fellows

Today four MIT faculty were named among the Association for Computer Machinery's 2017 Fellows for making “landmark contributions to computing.”

## Goldwasser gives briefing on cryptography to Congress

Last week CSAIL principal investigator Shafi Goldwasser spoke about cryptography and privacy as part of the annual congressional briefing of the American Mathematical Society (AMS) and the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI).

## Faster big-data analysis

We live in the age of big data, but most of that data is “sparse.” Imagine, for instance, a massive table that mapped all of Amazon’s customers against all of its products, with a “1” for each product a given customer bought and a “0” otherwise. The table would be mostly zeroes.

## Bug-repair system learns from example

Anyone who’s downloaded an update to a computer program or phone app knows that most commercial software has bugs and security holes that require regular “patching.” Often, those bugs are simple oversights. For example, the program tries to read data that have already been deleted. The patches, too, are often simple — such as a single line of code that verifies that a data object still exists.

## CSAIL's Daniel Jackson receives two ACM awards

This week the Association for Computer Machinery presented CSAIL principal investigator Daniel Jackson with the 2017 ACM SIGSOFT Outstanding Research Award for his pioneering work in software engineering. (This fall he also received the ACM SIGSOFT Impact Paper Award for his research method for finding bugs in code.)An EECS professor and associate director of CSAIL, Jackson was given the Outstanding Research Award for his “foundational contributions to software modeling, the creation of the modeling language Alloy, and the development of a widely used tool supporting model verification.”

## Cinematography on the fly

In recent years, a host of Hollywood blockbusters — including “The Fast and the Furious 7,” “Jurassic World,” and “The Wolf of Wall Street” — have included aerial tracking shots provided by drone helicopters outfitted with cameras. Those shots required separate operators for the drones and the cameras, and careful planning to avoid collisions. But a team of researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) and ETH Zurich hope to make drone cinematography more accessible, simple, and reliable.