# Research

- Research Areas
- Impact Areas

2 Group Results matching all criteria

#### Research Group

## Computation and Biology

Our lab focuses on designing algorithms to gain biological insights from advances in automated data collection and the subsequent large data sets drawn from them.

2 Project Results matching all criteria

#### Project

## Reconstructing Neural Circuits from Mammalian Brain

We develop algorithms, systems and software architectures for automating reconstruction of accurate representations of neural tissue structures, such as nanometer-scale neurons' morphology and synaptic connections in the mammalian cortex.

#### Project

## Understanding neural networks in the brain

We aim to develop fully automated algorithms for mapping networks within biological brains.

3 News Results matching all criteria

## CSAIL hosts first-ever TEDxMIT

Speakers — all women — discuss everything from gravitational waves to robot nurses

## CSAIL's Daskalakis wins ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award

Constantinos (“Costis”) Daskalakis, an MIT professor and CSAIL principal investigator, has won the 2018 ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award.

## Model learns how individual amino acids determine protein function

Technique could improve machine-learning tasks in protein design, drug testing, and other applications.

25 Group Results

#### Research Group

## Applied Computing Group

We design software for high performance computing, develop algorithms for numerical linear algebra, and research random matrix theory and its applications.

#### Research Group

## Center for Brains, Minds and Machines

Our main goal is developing a computationally based understanding of human intelligence and establishing an engineering practice based on that understanding.

#### Research Group

## Clinical Decision-Making Group

We focus on furthering the application of technology and artificial intelligence in medicine and health-care.

#### Research Group

## Complexity Theory Group

Our interests span quantum complexity theory, barriers to solving P versus NP, theoretical computer science with a focus on probabilistically checkable proofs (PCP), pseudo-randomness, coding theory, and algorithms.

#### Research Group

## Computation and Biology

Our lab focuses on designing algorithms to gain biological insights from advances in automated data collection and the subsequent large data sets drawn from them.

#### Research Group

## Computational Biology Group

We seek to understand the mechanistic basis of human disease, using a combination of computational and experimental techniques.

#### Research Group

## Computational Cognitive Science Group

We study the computational basis of human learning and inference.

#### Research Group

## Computational Connectomics Group

#### Research Group

## Computational Genomics Group

We develop new machine learning techniques and algorithms to model the transcriptional regulatory networks that control gene expression programs in living cells.

#### Research Group

## Computational Perception & Cognition

We combine methods from computer science, neuroscience and cognitive science to explain and model how perception and cognition are realized in human and machine.

#### Research Group

## Cryptography and Information Security Group

We seek to develop techniques for securing tomorrow's global information infrastructure by exploring theoretical foundations, near-term practical applications, and long-range speculative research.

#### Research Group

## Decentralized Information Group

We are investigating decentralized technologies that affect social change.

#### Research Group

## Geometric Data Processing Group

Our group studies geometric problems in computer graphics, computer vision, machine learning, optimization, and other disciplines.

#### Research Group

## Haystack Group

We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, information management, and databases.

#### Research Group

## Medical Vision Group

We develop new algorithms for medical image analysis and visualization of medical imagery.

#### Research Group

## Multicore Algorithmics

We develop techniques for designing, implementing, and reasoning about multiprocessor algorithms, in particular concurrent data structures for multicore machines and the mathematical foundations of the computation models that govern their behavior.

#### Research Group

## Multimodal Understanding Group

Our objective is to build techniques, software, and hardware that enable natural interaction with

computation.

computation.

#### Research Group

## Quantum Information Science Group

Our research interests center around the capabilities and limits of quantum computers, and computational complexity theory more generally.

#### Research Group

## Supertech Research Group

We investigate the technologies that support scalable high-performance computing, including hardware, software, and theory.

#### Research Group

## Theory of Computation Group

Theory research at CSAIL covers a broad spectrum of topics, including algorithms, complexity theory, cryptography, distributed systems, parallel computing and quantum computing.

#### Research Group

## Theory of Distributed Systems Group

We work on a wide range of problems in distributed computing theory. We study algorithms and lower bounds for typical problems that arise in distributed systems---like resource allocation, implementing shared memory abstractions, and reliable communication.

#### Research Group

## Tidor Lab

We focus on the analysis of complex biological systems at both the molecular level and the systems level.

73 Project Results

#### Project

## A new way of handling all-to-all broadcast

We design a new all-to-all broadcasts scheme with significantly less communication cost using aggregate signatures.

#### Project

## A Simplified and Extensible Cilk Runtime for Research

CilkS is a new runtime system for the Cilk multithreaded programming environment which makes it easy to experiment with new algorithms, data structures, and programming linguistics.

#### Project

## Active Learning of Models for Planning

We aim to develop a systematic framework for robots to build models of the world and to use these to make effective and safe choices of actions to take in complex scenarios.

#### Project

## Algebraic Techniques for Algorithm Design

We work on improving the algorithms for algebraic problems like matrix multiplication, and using these to design algorithms for fundamental non-algebraic problems.

#### Project

## Algorithmic Aspects of Performance Engineering

The project concerns algorithmic solutions for writing fast codes.

#### Project

## An Algorithmic Theory of Brain Networks

We are developing an algorithmic theory for brain networks, based on simple synchronized stochastic graph-based neural network models.

#### Project

## Approximating the diameter of a directed graph

There is a family of approximation algorithms for computing the diameter of an undirected graph that give a time/accuracy trade-off and our goal is to extend these results to directed graphs.

#### Project

## Artificial tissue homeostasis

In order to be able to design synthetic organs that function autonomously, we will need to engineer artificial tissue homeostasis. To control the size of these artificial tissues, two major mechanisms will have to be engineered.

#### Project

## Aspect-Augmented Adversarial Networks for Domain Adaptation

We propose a novel aspect-augmented adversarial network for cross-aspect and cross-domain adaptation tasks. The effectiveness of our approach suggests the potential application of adversarial networks to a broader range of NLP tasks for improved representation learning, such as machine translation and language generation.

#### Project

## Basing Cryptography on Structured Hardness

We aim to base a variety of cryptographic primitives on complexity theoretic assumptions. We focus on the assumption that there exist highly structured problems --- admitting so called "zero-knowledge" protocols --- that are nevertheless hard to compute

#### Project

## Bayesian Optimization for Global Optimization of Expensive Black-box Functions

We study the fundamentals of Bayesian optimization and develop efficient Bayesian optimization methods for global optimization of expensive black-box functions originated from a range of different applications.

#### Project

## Better Models for Ride-Sharing

Traffic is not just a nuisance for drivers: It’s also a public health hazard and bad news for the economy.

#### Project

## Blood Pressure Imager

Development of affordable wearable continuous blood pressure monitor based on radial arterial pulse imaged from the skin surface of human wrist

## Mumin Jin

## Aya G. Halawi

## Jianhua Li

#### Project

## Bridging Theory and Practice in Shared-Memory Parallel Algorithm Design

This project aims to design parallel algorithms for shared-memory machines that are efficient both in theory and also in practice.

#### Project

## Clinical Intervention Prediction with Neural Networks

Integrating multi-modal clinical data and using recurrent and convolution neural networks to predict when patients will need important interventions.

#### Project

## Coresets for Machine Learning Algorithms

Our goal is to design novel data compression techniques to accelerate popular machine learning algorithms in Big Data and streaming settings.

#### Project

## Covering All K-mers Using Joker Characters

We developed a new algorithm to generate compact sequence sets covering all k-mers using joker characters.

#### Project

## Data Garbling: Computing on Encrypted Data

We are investigating the limits of computing on encrypted data, with a focus on the private outsourcing of computation over sensitive data.

#### Project

## Deep Inverse Planning

Deep inverse planning for learning from high-dimensional demonstrations

#### Project

## Deterministic Algorithms for Robotic Task and Motion Planning

Our goal is to investigate deterministic algorithms for robotic task and motion planning.

#### Project

## Distributed Algorithms for Dynamic and Noisy Platforms

Distributed systems are now everywhere, for example, in wireless communication networks, distributed data-management systems, coordinated robots, transportation systems, and modern multiprocessors.

#### Project

## Distributed Co-prime Sampling Algorithms

To further parallelize co-prime sampling based sparse sensing, we introduce Diophantine Equation in different algebraic structures to build generalized lattice arrays.

With strong relationship to generalized Chinese Remainder Theorem, the geometry properties in the remainder code space, a special lattice space, are explored.

With strong relationship to generalized Chinese Remainder Theorem, the geometry properties in the remainder code space, a special lattice space, are explored.

#### Project

## Distributed Computation in Ant Colonies

We are interested in applying insights from distributed computing theory to understand how ants and other social insects work together to perform complex tasks such as foraging for food, allocating tasks to workers, and choosing high quality nest sites.

#### Project

## Distributed Robot Garden

The robot garden provides an aesthetically pleasing educational platform that can visualize computer science concepts and encourage young students to pursue programming and robotics.

41 People Results

## Leandro Agudelo

Postdoctoral Associate

## Cenk Baykal

Graduate Student

## Brandon Carter

Research Specialist

## Azim Dehghani Amirabad

Postdoctoral Associate

## Martin Demaine

Robotics Engineer

## Joanne Hanley

Administrative Assistant II

## Siddhartha Jayanti

Graduate Student

## Kenji Kawaguchi

Graduate Student

## Konstantin Krismer

Graduate Student

## William Kuszmaul

Graduate Student

## Lucas Liebenwein

Graduate Student

## Andrea Lincoln

Graduate Student

## Slobodan Mitrovic

Postdoctoral Fellow

63 News Results

## Autonomous system improves environmental sampling at sea

Robotic boats could more rapidly locate the most valuable sampling spots in uncharted waters.

## Pushy robots learn the fundamentals of object manipulation

Systems “learn” from novel dataset that captures how pushed objects move, to improve their physical interactions with new objects.

## Deep learning with point clouds

Research aims to make it easier for self-driving cars, robotics, and other applications to understand the 3D world.

## Recovering “lost dimensions” of images and video

Model could recreate video from motion-blurred images and “corner cameras,” may someday retrieve 3D data from 2D medical images.

## Josh Tenenbaum receives 2019 MacArthur Fellowship

Brain and cognitive sciences professor studies how the human mind is able to learn so rapidly.

## MIT’s fleet of autonomous boats can now shapeshift

New capabilities allow “roboats” to change configurations to form pop-up bridges, stages, and other structures.

## Artificial intelligence could help data centers run far more efficiently

MIT system “learns” how to optimally allocate workloads across thousands of servers to cut costs, save energy.

## Why did my classifier just mistake a turtle for a rifle?

Two longtime friends explore how computer vision systems go awry.

## Making it easier to program and protect the web

Professor Adam Chlipala builds tools to help programmers more quickly generate optimized, secure code.

## Automated system generates robotic parts for novel tasks

When designing actuators involves too many variables for humans to test by hand, this system can step in.

## CSAIL hosts first-ever TEDxMIT

Speakers — all women — discuss everything from gravitational waves to robot nurses

## Drag-and-drop data analytics

System lets nonspecialists use machine-learning models to make predictions for medical research, sales, and more.

## Automated cryptocode generator is helping secure the web

System automatically writes optimized algorithms to encrypt data in Google Chrome browsers and web applications.

## Autonomous boats can target and latch onto each other

Fleet of “roboats” could collect garbage or self-assemble into floating structures in Amsterdam’s many canals.

## From one brain scan, more information for medical artificial intelligence

System helps machine-learning models glean training information for diagnosing and treating brain conditions Home Node From one brain scan, more information for medical artificial intelligence

## Q&A: Phillip Isola on the art and science of generative models

Image-translation pioneer discusses the past, present, and future of generative adversarial networks, or GANs.

## CSAIL's Daskalakis wins ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award

Constantinos (“Costis”) Daskalakis, an MIT professor and CSAIL principal investigator, has won the 2018 ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award.

## Using AI to predict breast cancer and personalize care

Image-based AI model can predict breast cancer years in advance

## Merging cell datasets, panorama style

Algorithm stitches multiple datasets into a single “panorama,” which could provide new insights for medical and biological studies.

## A novel data-compression technique for faster computer programs

Researchers free up more bandwidth by compressing “objects” within the memory hierarchy.

## Advance boosts efficiency of flash storage in data centers

New architecture promises to cut in half the energy and physical space required to store and manage user data.

## Model learns how individual amino acids determine protein function

Technique could improve machine-learning tasks in protein design, drug testing, and other applications.

## “Particle robot” works as a cluster of simple units

Loosely connected disc-shaped “particles” can push and pull one another, moving en masse to transport objects.