# Research

- Research Areas
- Impact Areas

20 Group Results matching all criteria

We are investigating decentralized technologies that affect social change.

#### Research Group

## Haystack Group

We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, information management, and databases.

#### Research Group

## Multimodal Understanding Group

Our objective is to build techniques, software, and hardware that enable natural interaction with

computation.

computation.

#### Research Group

## Applied Computing Group

We design software for high performance computing, develop algorithms for numerical linear algebra, and research random matrix theory and its applications.

#### Research Group

## Cryptography and Information Security Group

We seek to develop techniques for securing tomorrow's global information infrastructure by exploring theoretical foundations, near-term practical applications, and long-range speculative research.

#### Research Group

## Geometric Data Processing Group

Our group studies geometric problems in computer graphics, computer vision, machine learning, optimization, and other disciplines.

#### Research Group

## Supertech Research Group

We investigate the technologies that support scalable high-performance computing, including hardware, software, and theory.

#### Research Group

## Algorithms Group

We devise new mathematical tools to tackle the increasing difficulty and importance of problems we pose to computers.

#### Research Group

## Complexity Theory Group

Our interests span quantum complexity theory, barriers to solving P versus NP, theoretical computer science with a focus on probabilistically checkable proofs (PCP), pseudo-randomness, coding theory, and algorithms.

#### Research Group

## Computational Connectomics Group

Our group’s goal is to create, based on such microscopic connectivity and functional data, new mathematical models explaining how neural tissue computes.

#### Research Group

## Quantum Information Science Group

Our research interests center around the capabilities and limits of quantum computers, and computational complexity theory more generally.

#### Research Group

## Multicore Algorithmics

We develop techniques for designing, implementing, and reasoning about multiprocessor algorithms, in particular concurrent data structures for multicore machines and the mathematical foundations of the computation models that govern their behavior.

#### Research Group

## Theory of Distributed Systems Group

We work on a wide range of problems in distributed computing theory. We study algorithms and lower bounds for typical problems that arise in distributed systems---like resource allocation, implementing shared memory abstractions, and reliable communication.

#### Research Group

## Computation and Biology

Our lab focuses on designing algorithms to gain biological insights from advances in automated data collection and the subsequent large data sets drawn from them.

#### Research Center

## Center for Deployable Machine Learning (CDML)

The MIT Center for Deployable Machine Learning (CDML) works towards creating AI systems that are robust, reliable and safe for real-world deployment.

#### Community of Research

## Theory of Computation Community of Research

The goal of the Theory of Computation CoR is to study the fundamental strengths and limits of computation as well as how these interact with mathematics, computer science, and other disciplines.

#### Community of Research

## Computing & Society Community of Research

This community is interested in understanding and affecting the interaction between computing systems and society through engineering, computer science and public policy research, education, and public engagement.

#### Community of Research

## Vertical AI Community of Research

This CoR takes a unified approach to cover the full range of research areas required for success in artificial intelligence, including hardware, foundations, software systems, and applications.

62 Project Results matching all criteria

#### Project

## Planning under uncertainty with complex dynamics

We focus on learning to compute near-optimal plans which leverage environmental contact to mitigate action uncertainty, in hopes of enabling inexpensive robotic manipulators to perform precise assembly tasks.

#### Project

## Driver-Friendly Bilateral Control for Suppressing Traffic Instabilities

Self-driving cars themselves can solve traffic problems even without global control.

#### Project

## Theoretical Analysis of Robotic Planning

We are investigating various theoretical properties of robotic planning frameworks such as decidability and optimality.

#### Project

## Using Reductions to Understand Polynomial Time Algorithms

For many problems the best known algorithms take polynomial time but super linear time, we want to understand why problems like diameter, longest common sub-sequence and co-linear point detection can't be solved in linear time.

#### Project

## Algebraic Techniques for Algorithm Design

We work on improving the algorithms for algebraic problems like matrix multiplication, and using these to design algorithms for fundamental non-algebraic problems.

#### Project

## Approximating the diameter of a directed graph

There is a family of approximation algorithms for computing the diameter of an undirected graph that give a time/accuracy trade-off and our goal is to extend these results to directed graphs.

#### Project

## Sketching Distances in Graphs

We try to come up with efficient ways to remove edges from graphs without changing the shortest path distance between any two nodes by very much.

#### Project

## Diversity-inducing Probability Measures

We aim to understand theory and applications of diversity-inducing probabilities (and, more generally, "negative dependence") in machine learning, and develop fast algorithms based on their mathematical properties.

## Suvrit Sra

#### Project

## Practical Secure Computation

Our goal is to bridge theory and practice to create infrastructure that allow computation and multi-party computation without compromising privacy.

## Danny Feldman

#### Project

## Spatial Data Structure Parallel Merging

We are creating a concurrent data structure for 2D/3D points that supports efficient storage, range queries, and merging of disjoint datasets, motivated by highly-parallel algorithms for reconstructing neuron connections in the brain.

#### Project

## Reliable and Robust Machine Learning

We work towards a principled understanding of the current machine learning toolkit and making this toolkit be robust and reliable.

#### Project

## Political Geometry: Establishing Fair Mathematical Standards for Political Redistricting

Gerrymandering is a direct threat to our democracy, undermining founding principles like equal protection under the law and eroding public confidence in elections.

#### Project

## A new way of handling all-to-all broadcast

We design a new all-to-all broadcasts scheme with significantly less communication cost using aggregate signatures.

#### Project

## Sublinear/Streaming Algorithms for Covering Problem

Our goal is to develop efficient algorithms for the fundamental set cover problem in the massive data model.

#### Project

## Return of the Byzantine Generals

This project studies new solutions to the Byzantine General Problem and its applications in distributed systems and cryptography.

#### Project

## Sublinear Algorithms for Massive Data Problems

This project includes designing efficient algorithms and proving lower bounds for fundamental problems under the models that address big data.

#### Project

## Understanding Convergence of Iterative Algorithms

We are trying to develop theoretical tools that can be used to analyze the convergence of iterative algorithms used for non-convex optimization problems.

#### Project

## Fast Lightweight Autonomy

The goal of the FLA program is to explore non-traditional perception and autonomy methods that could enable a new class of algorithms for minimalistic high-speed navigation in cluttered environments.

## Jake Ware

#### Project

## Basing Cryptography on Structured Hardness

We aim to base a variety of cryptographic primitives on complexity theoretic assumptions. We focus on the assumption that there exist highly structured problems --- admitting so called "zero-knowledge" protocols --- that are nevertheless hard to compute

#### Project

## Is the Casino using a Riffle Shuffle?

Our goal in this project is to understand how one can test if a particular dealer's shuffles follow a certain pattern. We have developed a theoretical framework for the same and wish to understand its performance in practice.

#### Project

## Understanding neural networks in the brain

We aim to develop fully automated algorithms for mapping networks within biological brains.

#### Project

## Leader Election in the SINR Model with Arbitrary Power Control

We study the leader election problem in a theoretical wireless network setting. We show that it can be solved in two communication rounds.

## Magnus Halldorsson

## Stephan Holzer

#### Project

## A Simplified and Extensible Cilk Runtime for Research

CilkS is a new runtime system for the Cilk multithreaded programming environment which makes it easy to experiment with new algorithms, data structures, and programming linguistics.

#### Project

## Coresets for Machine Learning Algorithms

Our goal is to design novel data compression techniques to accelerate popular machine learning algorithms in Big Data and streaming settings.

41 People Results matching all criteria

## Cenk Baykal

Graduate Student

## Daryl DeFord

Postdoctoral Associate

## Martin Demaine

Robotics Engineer

## Noah Golowich

Graduate Student

## Joanne Hanley

Administrative Assistant II

## Dhiraj Holden

Graduate Student

## Siddhartha Jayanti

Graduate Student

## Kenji Kawaguchi

Graduate Student

## William Kuszmaul

Graduate Student

## Lucas Liebenwein

Graduate Student

## Andrea Lincoln

Graduate Student

## Slobodan Mitrovic

Postdoctoral Associate

71 News Results matching all criteria

## New glove lets you incorporate real-life objects into virtual worlds

New glove lets you incorporate real-life objects into virtual worlds

## Giving soft robots senses

In a pair of papers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), two teams enable better sense and perception for soft robotic grippers.

## Visualizing the world beyond the frame

Researchers test how far artificial intelligence models can go in dreaming up varied poses and colors of objects and animals in photos.

## Automating the search for entirely new “curiosity” algorithms

Researchers show that computers can “write” algorithms that adapt to radically different environments better than algorithms designed by humans.

## CSAIL device lets doctors monitor COVID-19 patients from a distance

Wireless system helps Boston retirement home care for COVID patients while reducing risk of contagion

## System trains driverless cars in simulation before they hit the road

Using a photorealistic simulation engine, vehicles learn to drive in the real world and recover from near-crash scenarios.

## “Doing machine learning the right way”

Professor Aleksander Madry strives to build machine-learning models that are more reliable, understandable, and robust.

## Showing robots how to do your chores

By observing humans, robots learn to perform complex tasks, such as setting a table.

## Protecting sensitive metadata so it can’t be used for surveillance

System ensures hackers eavesdropping on large networks can’t find out who’s communicating and when they’re doing so.

## Automated system can rewrite outdated sentences in Wikipedia articles

Text-generating tool pinpoints and replaces specific information in sentences while retaining humanlike grammar and style.

## “Sensorized” skin helps soft robots find their bearings

Flexible sensors and an artificial intelligence model tell deformable robots how their bodies are positioned in a 3D environment.

## Hey Alexa: Sorry I fooled you

MIT’s new system TextFooler can trick the types of natural-language-processing systems that Google uses to help power its search results, including audio for Google Home

## Giving cryptocurrency users more bang for their buck

Routing scheme boosts efficiency in networks that help speed up blockchain transactions.

## How well can computers connect symptoms to diseases?

A new MIT study finds “health knowledge graphs,” which show relationships between symptoms and diseases and are intended to help with clinical diagnosis, can fall short for certain conditions and patient populations. The results also suggest ways to boost their performance.

## Finding the true potential of algorithms

Using mathematical theory, Virginia Williams coaxes algorithms to run faster or proves they’ve hit their maximum speed.

## Autonomous system improves environmental sampling at sea

Robotic boats could more rapidly locate the most valuable sampling spots in uncharted waters.

## Pushy robots learn the fundamentals of object manipulation

Systems “learn” from novel dataset that captures how pushed objects move, to improve their physical interactions with new objects.

## Deep learning with point clouds

Research aims to make it easier for self-driving cars, robotics, and other applications to understand the 3D world.

## Recovering “lost dimensions” of images and video

Model could recreate video from motion-blurred images and “corner cameras,” may someday retrieve 3D data from 2D medical images.

## Better fetal health - by building a map of the placenta

New technique stretches out MRI scans of placentas so they can be more accurately analyzed, and shows the potential of MRI for pregnancy monitoring.

## MIT’s fleet of autonomous boats can now shapeshift

New capabilities allow “roboats” to change configurations to form pop-up bridges, stages, and other structures.

## Artificial intelligence could help data centers run far more efficiently

MIT system “learns” how to optimally allocate workloads across thousands of servers to cut costs, save energy.

## Why did my classifier just mistake a turtle for a rifle?

Two longtime friends explore how computer vision systems go awry.

20 Group Results

#### Research Group

## Algorithms Group

We devise new mathematical tools to tackle the increasing difficulty and importance of problems we pose to computers.

#### Research Group

## Applied Computing Group

We design software for high performance computing, develop algorithms for numerical linear algebra, and research random matrix theory and its applications.

#### Research Center

## Center for Deployable Machine Learning (CDML)

The MIT Center for Deployable Machine Learning (CDML) works towards creating AI systems that are robust, reliable and safe for real-world deployment.

#### Research Group

## Complexity Theory Group

Our interests span quantum complexity theory, barriers to solving P versus NP, theoretical computer science with a focus on probabilistically checkable proofs (PCP), pseudo-randomness, coding theory, and algorithms.

#### Research Group

## Computation and Biology

Our lab focuses on designing algorithms to gain biological insights from advances in automated data collection and the subsequent large data sets drawn from them.

#### Research Group

## Computational Connectomics Group

Our group’s goal is to create, based on such microscopic connectivity and functional data, new mathematical models explaining how neural tissue computes.

#### Community of Research

## Computing & Society Community of Research

This community is interested in understanding and affecting the interaction between computing systems and society through engineering, computer science and public policy research, education, and public engagement.

#### Research Group

## Cryptography and Information Security Group

We seek to develop techniques for securing tomorrow's global information infrastructure by exploring theoretical foundations, near-term practical applications, and long-range speculative research.

#### Research Group

## Decentralized Information Group

We are investigating decentralized technologies that affect social change.

#### Research Group

## Geometric Data Processing Group

Our group studies geometric problems in computer graphics, computer vision, machine learning, optimization, and other disciplines.

#### Research Group

## Haystack Group

We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, information management, and databases.

#### Research Group

## Multicore Algorithmics

We develop techniques for designing, implementing, and reasoning about multiprocessor algorithms, in particular concurrent data structures for multicore machines and the mathematical foundations of the computation models that govern their behavior.

#### Research Group

## Multimodal Understanding Group

Our objective is to build techniques, software, and hardware that enable natural interaction with

computation.

computation.

#### Research Group

## Quantum Information Science Group

Our research interests center around the capabilities and limits of quantum computers, and computational complexity theory more generally.

#### Research Group

## Supertech Research Group

We investigate the technologies that support scalable high-performance computing, including hardware, software, and theory.

#### Community of Research

## Theory of Computation Community of Research

The goal of the Theory of Computation CoR is to study the fundamental strengths and limits of computation as well as how these interact with mathematics, computer science, and other disciplines.

#### Research Group

## Theory of Distributed Systems Group

We work on a wide range of problems in distributed computing theory. We study algorithms and lower bounds for typical problems that arise in distributed systems---like resource allocation, implementing shared memory abstractions, and reliable communication.

#### Community of Research

## Vertical AI Community of Research

This CoR takes a unified approach to cover the full range of research areas required for success in artificial intelligence, including hardware, foundations, software systems, and applications.

62 Project Results

#### Project

## A new way of handling all-to-all broadcast

We design a new all-to-all broadcasts scheme with significantly less communication cost using aggregate signatures.

#### Project

## A Simplified and Extensible Cilk Runtime for Research

CilkS is a new runtime system for the Cilk multithreaded programming environment which makes it easy to experiment with new algorithms, data structures, and programming linguistics.

#### Project

## Active Learning of Models for Planning

We aim to develop a systematic framework for robots to build models of the world and to use these to make effective and safe choices of actions to take in complex scenarios.

#### Project

## Algebraic Techniques for Algorithm Design

We work on improving the algorithms for algebraic problems like matrix multiplication, and using these to design algorithms for fundamental non-algebraic problems.

#### Project

## Algorithmic Aspects of Performance Engineering

The project concerns algorithmic solutions for writing fast codes.

#### Project

## An Algorithmic Theory of Brain Networks

We are developing an algorithmic theory for brain networks, based on simple synchronized stochastic graph-based neural network models.

#### Project

## Approximating the diameter of a directed graph

There is a family of approximation algorithms for computing the diameter of an undirected graph that give a time/accuracy trade-off and our goal is to extend these results to directed graphs.

#### Project

## Aspect-Augmented Adversarial Networks for Domain Adaptation

We propose a novel aspect-augmented adversarial network for cross-aspect and cross-domain adaptation tasks. The effectiveness of our approach suggests the potential application of adversarial networks to a broader range of NLP tasks for improved representation learning, such as machine translation and language generation.

#### Project

## Basing Cryptography on Structured Hardness

We aim to base a variety of cryptographic primitives on complexity theoretic assumptions. We focus on the assumption that there exist highly structured problems --- admitting so called "zero-knowledge" protocols --- that are nevertheless hard to compute

#### Project

## Bayesian Optimization for Global Optimization of Expensive Black-box Functions

We study the fundamentals of Bayesian optimization and develop efficient Bayesian optimization methods for global optimization of expensive black-box functions originated from a range of different applications.

#### Project

## Better Models for Ride-Sharing

Traffic is not just a nuisance for drivers: It’s also a public health hazard and bad news for the economy.

#### Project

## Bridging Theory and Practice in Shared-Memory Parallel Algorithm Design

This project aims to design parallel algorithms for shared-memory machines that are efficient both in theory and also in practice.

#### Project

## Coresets for Machine Learning Algorithms

Our goal is to design novel data compression techniques to accelerate popular machine learning algorithms in Big Data and streaming settings.

#### Project

## Data Garbling: Computing on Encrypted Data

We are investigating the limits of computing on encrypted data, with a focus on the private outsourcing of computation over sensitive data.

#### Project

## Deep Inverse Planning

Deep inverse planning for learning from high-dimensional demonstrations

#### Project

## Determining Wikipedia's Influence on Science

Wikipedia is one of the most widely accessed encyclopedia sites in the world, including by scientists. Our project aims to investigate just how far Wikipedia’s influence goes in shaping science.

#### Project

## Deterministic Algorithms for Robotic Task and Motion Planning

Our goal is to investigate deterministic algorithms for robotic task and motion planning.

#### Project

## Distributed Algorithms for Dynamic and Noisy Platforms

Distributed systems are now everywhere, for example, in wireless communication networks, distributed data-management systems, coordinated robots, transportation systems, and modern multiprocessors.

#### Project

## Distributed Co-prime Sampling Algorithms

To further parallelize co-prime sampling based sparse sensing, we introduce Diophantine Equation in different algebraic structures to build generalized lattice arrays.

With strong relationship to generalized Chinese Remainder Theorem, the geometry properties in the remainder code space, a special lattice space, are explored.

With strong relationship to generalized Chinese Remainder Theorem, the geometry properties in the remainder code space, a special lattice space, are explored.

#### Project

## Distributed Computation in Ant Colonies

We are interested in applying insights from distributed computing theory to understand how ants and other social insects work together to perform complex tasks such as foraging for food, allocating tasks to workers, and choosing high quality nest sites.

#### Project

## Distributed Robot Garden

The robot garden provides an aesthetically pleasing educational platform that can visualize computer science concepts and encourage young students to pursue programming and robotics.

#### Project

## Diversity-inducing Probability Measures

We aim to understand theory and applications of diversity-inducing probabilities (and, more generally, "negative dependence") in machine learning, and develop fast algorithms based on their mathematical properties.

## Suvrit Sra

#### Project

## Driver-Friendly Bilateral Control for Suppressing Traffic Instabilities

Self-driving cars themselves can solve traffic problems even without global control.

41 People Results

## Shibani Santurkar

Graduate Student

## Eloi Schmauch

Visiting Student

## Wilko Schwarting

Graduate Student

## Samuel Sledzieski

Graduate Student

## Joshua Tenenbaum

Professor

## Neil Thompson

Research Scientist

## Thomas Tseng

Graduate Student

## Yu Wang

Graduate Student

## Hanshen Xiao

Graduate Student

## Longfei Zhou

Postdoctoral Fellow

71 News Results

## New glove lets you incorporate real-life objects into virtual worlds

New glove lets you incorporate real-life objects into virtual worlds

## Giving soft robots senses

In a pair of papers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), two teams enable better sense and perception for soft robotic grippers.

## Visualizing the world beyond the frame

Researchers test how far artificial intelligence models can go in dreaming up varied poses and colors of objects and animals in photos.

## Automating the search for entirely new “curiosity” algorithms

Researchers show that computers can “write” algorithms that adapt to radically different environments better than algorithms designed by humans.

## CSAIL device lets doctors monitor COVID-19 patients from a distance

Wireless system helps Boston retirement home care for COVID patients while reducing risk of contagion

## System trains driverless cars in simulation before they hit the road

Using a photorealistic simulation engine, vehicles learn to drive in the real world and recover from near-crash scenarios.

## “Doing machine learning the right way”

Professor Aleksander Madry strives to build machine-learning models that are more reliable, understandable, and robust.

## Showing robots how to do your chores

By observing humans, robots learn to perform complex tasks, such as setting a table.

## Protecting sensitive metadata so it can’t be used for surveillance

System ensures hackers eavesdropping on large networks can’t find out who’s communicating and when they’re doing so.

## Automated system can rewrite outdated sentences in Wikipedia articles

Text-generating tool pinpoints and replaces specific information in sentences while retaining humanlike grammar and style.

## “Sensorized” skin helps soft robots find their bearings

Flexible sensors and an artificial intelligence model tell deformable robots how their bodies are positioned in a 3D environment.

## Hey Alexa: Sorry I fooled you

MIT’s new system TextFooler can trick the types of natural-language-processing systems that Google uses to help power its search results, including audio for Google Home

## Giving cryptocurrency users more bang for their buck

Routing scheme boosts efficiency in networks that help speed up blockchain transactions.

## How well can computers connect symptoms to diseases?

A new MIT study finds “health knowledge graphs,” which show relationships between symptoms and diseases and are intended to help with clinical diagnosis, can fall short for certain conditions and patient populations. The results also suggest ways to boost their performance.

## Finding the true potential of algorithms

Using mathematical theory, Virginia Williams coaxes algorithms to run faster or proves they’ve hit their maximum speed.

## Autonomous system improves environmental sampling at sea

Robotic boats could more rapidly locate the most valuable sampling spots in uncharted waters.

## Pushy robots learn the fundamentals of object manipulation

Systems “learn” from novel dataset that captures how pushed objects move, to improve their physical interactions with new objects.

## Deep learning with point clouds

Research aims to make it easier for self-driving cars, robotics, and other applications to understand the 3D world.

## Recovering “lost dimensions” of images and video

Model could recreate video from motion-blurred images and “corner cameras,” may someday retrieve 3D data from 2D medical images.

## Better fetal health - by building a map of the placenta

New technique stretches out MRI scans of placentas so they can be more accurately analyzed, and shows the potential of MRI for pregnancy monitoring.