#### Research Group

## Algorithms Group

We devise new mathematical tools to tackle the increasing difficulty and importance of problems we pose to computers.

- Research Areas
- Impact Areas

26 Group Results

We devise new mathematical tools to tackle the increasing difficulty and importance of problems we pose to computers.

We design software for high performance computing, develop algorithms for numerical linear algebra, and research random matrix theory and its applications.

This CoR brings together researchers at CSAIL working across a broad swath of application domains. Within these lie novel and challenging machine learning problems serving science, social science and computer science.

The MIT Center for Deployable Machine Learning (CDML) works towards creating AI systems that are robust, reliable and safe for real-world deployment.

We focus on furthering the application of technology and artificial intelligence in medicine and health-care.

This CoR aims to develop AI technology that synthesizes symbolic reasoning, probabilistic reasoning for dealing with uncertainty in the world, and statistical methods for extracting and exploiting regularities in the world, into an integrated picture of intelligence that is informed by computational insights and by cognitive science.

Our interests span quantum complexity theory, barriers to solving P versus NP, theoretical computer science with a focus on probabilistically checkable proofs (PCP), pseudo-randomness, coding theory, and algorithms.

Our lab focuses on designing algorithms to gain biological insights from advances in automated data collection and the subsequent large data sets drawn from them.

We seek to understand the mechanistic basis of human disease, using a combination of computational and experimental techniques.

Our group’s goal is to create, based on such microscopic connectivity and functional data, new mathematical models explaining how neural tissue computes.

We combine methods from computer science, neuroscience and cognitive science to explain and model how perception and cognition are realized in human and machine.

This community is interested in understanding and affecting the interaction between computing systems and society through engineering, computer science and public policy research, education, and public engagement.

We seek to develop techniques for securing tomorrow's global information infrastructure by exploring theoretical foundations, near-term practical applications, and long-range speculative research.

We are investigating decentralized technologies that affect social change.

We aim to develop the science of autonomy toward a future with robots and AI systems integrated into everyday life, supporting people with cognitive and physical tasks.

Our group studies geometric problems in computer graphics, computer vision, machine learning, optimization, and other disciplines.

We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, information management, and databases.

Our projects are centered around the problems of navigation and mapping for autonomous mobile robots operating in underwater and terrestrial environments.

We develop techniques for designing, implementing, and reasoning about multiprocessor algorithms, in particular concurrent data structures for multicore machines and the mathematical foundations of the computation models that govern their behavior.

Our research interests center around the capabilities and limits of quantum computers, and computational complexity theory more generally.

We investigate the technologies that support scalable high-performance computing, including hardware, software, and theory.

The goal of the Theory of Computation CoR is to study the fundamental strengths and limits of computation as well as how these interact with mathematics, computer science, and other disciplines.

25 Project Results

We aim to develop a systematic framework for robots to build models of the world and to use these to make effective and safe choices of actions to take in complex scenarios.

The project concerns algorithmic solutions for writing fast codes.

Our goal is to develop a socially intelligent team coacher agent that helps humans communicate, strategize, and work together efficiently.

We study the fundamentals of Bayesian optimization and develop efficient Bayesian optimization methods for global optimization of expensive black-box functions originated from a range of different applications.

Traffic is not just a nuisance for drivers: It’s also a public health hazard and bad news for the economy.

This project aims to design parallel algorithms for shared-memory machines that are efficient both in theory and also in practice.

Our goal is to design novel data compression techniques to accelerate popular machine learning algorithms in Big Data and streaming settings.

We are investigating the limits of computing on encrypted data, with a focus on the private outsourcing of computation over sensitive data.

Wikipedia is one of the most widely accessed encyclopedia sites in the world, including by scientists. Our project aims to investigate just how far Wikipedia’s influence goes in shaping science.

To further parallelize co-prime sampling based sparse sensing, we introduce Diophantine Equation in different algebraic structures to build generalized lattice arrays.

With strong relationship to generalized Chinese Remainder Theorem, the geometry properties in the remainder code space, a special lattice space, are explored.

With strong relationship to generalized Chinese Remainder Theorem, the geometry properties in the remainder code space, a special lattice space, are explored.

We aim to understand theory and applications of diversity-inducing probabilities (and, more generally, "negative dependence") in machine learning, and develop fast algorithms based on their mathematical properties.

Developing state-of-the-art tools that process 3D surfaces and volumes

We are designing new parallel algorithms, optimizations, and frameworks for clustering large-scale graph and geometric data.

Linking probability with geometry to improve the theory and practice of machine learning

Gerrymandering is a direct threat to our democracy, undermining founding principles like equal protection under the law and eroding public confidence in elections.

Printable Hydraulics allows fluid-actuated robots to be automatically fabricated using 3D printers.

To enable privacy preservation in decentralized optimization, differential privacy is the most commonly used approach. However, under such scenario, the trade-off between accuracy (even efficiency) and privacy is inevitable. In this project, distributed numerical optimization scheme incorporated with lightweight cryptographic information sharing are explored. The affect on the convergence rate from network topology is considered.

We plan to develop a programming abstraction to enable programmers to write efficient parallel programs to process dynamic graphs.

To explore how randomness in connectivity can improve the performance of secure multi-party computation (MPC) and the properties of communication graph to support MPC.

We work towards a principled understanding of the current machine learning toolkit and making this toolkit be robust and reliable.

Starling is a scalable query execution engine built on cloud function services that computes at a fine granularity, helping people more easily match workload demand.

What if we could control robots more intuitively, using just hand gestures and brainwaves?

32 People Results

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23 News Results

Through innovation in software and hardware, researchers move to reduce the financial and environmental costs of modern artificial intelligence.

Wireless system helps Boston retirement home care for COVID patients while reducing risk of contagion

System ensures hackers eavesdropping on large networks can’t find out who’s communicating and when they’re doing so.

In a Washington Post op-ed, CSAIL's R. David Edelman outlines how to regulate AI properly

Research aims to make it easier for self-driving cars, robotics, and other applications to understand the 3D world.

MIT system “learns” how to optimally allocate workloads across thousands of servers to cut costs, save energy.

Speakers — all women — discuss everything from gravitational waves to robot nurses

CSAIL’s "RoCycle" system uses in-hand sensors to detect if an object is paper, metal or plastic.

New architecture promises to cut in half the energy and physical space required to store and manage user data.

Workshop explores technical directions for making AI safe, fair, and understandable

Last week MIT’s Institute for Foundations of Data Science (MIFODS) held an interdisciplinary workshop aimed at tackling the underlying theory behind deep learning. Led by MIT professor Aleksander Madry, the event focused on a number of research discussions at the intersection of math, statistics, and theoretical computer science.

CSAIL’s approach uses algorithms and “2.5-D” sketches to let computers visualize images from any perspective

Neural network that securely finds potential drugs could encourage large-scale pooling of sensitive data.

CSAIL system encourages government transparency using cryptography on a public log of wiretap requests.

Genome-wide association studies, which look for links between particular genetic variants and incidence of disease, are the basis of much modern biomedical research.

Harini Suresh, a PhD student at MIT CSAIL, studies how to make machine learning algorithms more understandable and less biased.

CSAIL's NanoMap system enables drones to avoid obstacles while flying at 20 miles per hour, by more deeply integrating sensing and control.

This week it was announced that MIT professors and CSAIL principal investigators Shafi Goldwasser, Silvio Micali, Ronald Rivest, and former MIT professor Adi Shamir won this year’s BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards in the Information and Communication Technologies category for their work in cryptography.

Today four MIT faculty were named among the Association for Computer Machinery's 2017 Fellows for making “landmark contributions to computing.”

Last week CSAIL principal investigator Shafi Goldwasser spoke about cryptography and privacy as part of the annual congressional briefing of the American Mathematical Society (AMS) and the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI).

This week the Association for Computer Machinery presented CSAIL principal investigator Daniel Jackson with the 2017 ACM SIGSOFT Outstanding Research Award for his pioneering work in software engineering. (This fall he also received the ACM SIGSOFT Impact Paper Award for his research method for finding bugs in code.)An EECS professor and associate director of CSAIL, Jackson was given the Outstanding Research Award for his “foundational contributions to software modeling, the creation of the modeling language Alloy, and the development of a widely used tool supporting model verification.”

Distributed planning, communication, and control algorithms for autonomous robots make up a major area of research in computer science.

When a power company wants to build a new wind farm, it generally hires a consultant to make wind speed measurements at the proposed site for eight to 12 months. Those measurements are correlated with historical data and used to assess the site’s power-generation capacity.This month CSAIL researchers will present a new statistical technique that yields better wind-speed predictions than existing techniques do — even when it uses only three months’ worth of data. That could save power companies time and money, particularly in the evaluation of sites for offshore wind farms, where maintaining measurement stations is particularly costly.