#### Research Group

## Algorithms Group

We devise new mathematical tools to tackle the increasing difficulty and importance of problems we pose to computers.

- Research Areas
- Impact Areas

20 Group Results

We devise new mathematical tools to tackle the increasing difficulty and importance of problems we pose to computers.

The MIT Center for Deployable Machine Learning (CDML) works towards creating AI systems that are robust, reliable and safe for real-world deployment.

Our interests span quantum complexity theory, barriers to solving P versus NP, theoretical computer science with a focus on probabilistically checkable proofs (PCP), pseudo-randomness, coding theory, and algorithms.

Our lab focuses on designing algorithms to gain biological insights from advances in automated data collection and the subsequent large data sets drawn from them.

Our mission is fostering the creation and development of high-performance, reliable and secure computing systems that are easy to interact with.

Our group’s goal is to create, based on such microscopic connectivity and functional data, new mathematical models explaining how neural tissue computes.

This community is interested in understanding and affecting the interaction between computing systems and society through engineering, computer science and public policy research, education, and public engagement.

We seek to develop techniques for securing tomorrow's global information infrastructure by exploring theoretical foundations, near-term practical applications, and long-range speculative research.

We are investigating decentralized technologies that affect social change.

Our group studies geometric problems in computer graphics, computer vision, machine learning, optimization, and other disciplines.

We are an interdisciplinary group of researchers blending approaches from human-computer interaction, social computing, databases, information management, and databases.

We develop techniques for designing, implementing, and reasoning about multiprocessor algorithms, in particular concurrent data structures for multicore machines and the mathematical foundations of the computation models that govern their behavior.

Our research interests center around the capabilities and limits of quantum computers, and computational complexity theory more generally.

We investigate the technologies that support scalable high-performance computing, including hardware, software, and theory.

The Systems CoR is focused on building and investigating large-scale software systems that power modern computers, phones, data centers, and networks, including operating systems, the Internet, wireless networks, databases, and other software infrastructure.

The goal of the Theory of Computation CoR is to study the fundamental strengths and limits of computation as well as how these interact with mathematics, computer science, and other disciplines.

We work on a wide range of problems in distributed computing theory. We study algorithms and lower bounds for typical problems that arise in distributed systems---like resource allocation, implementing shared memory abstractions, and reliable communication.

This CoR takes a unified approach to cover the full range of research areas required for success in artificial intelligence, including hardware, foundations, software systems, and applications.

31 Project Results

We aim to develop a systematic framework for robots to build models of the world and to use these to make effective and safe choices of actions to take in complex scenarios.

The project concerns algorithmic solutions for writing fast codes.

Our goal is to develop a socially intelligent team coacher agent that helps humans communicate, strategize, and work together efficiently.

We study the fundamentals of Bayesian optimization and develop efficient Bayesian optimization methods for global optimization of expensive black-box functions originated from a range of different applications.

Traffic is not just a nuisance for drivers: It’s also a public health hazard and bad news for the economy.

BlueDBM is an architecture of computer clusters consisting of fast distributed flash storage and in-storage accelerators, which often outperforms larger and more expensive clusters in applications such as graph analytics.

This project aims to design parallel algorithms for shared-memory machines that are efficient both in theory and also in practice.

Our goal is to design novel data compression techniques to accelerate popular machine learning algorithms in Big Data and streaming settings.

We are investigating the limits of computing on encrypted data, with a focus on the private outsourcing of computation over sensitive data.

Wikipedia is one of the most widely accessed encyclopedia sites in the world, including by scientists. Our project aims to investigate just how far Wikipedia’s influence goes in shaping science.

We aim to understand theory and applications of diversity-inducing probabilities (and, more generally, "negative dependence") in machine learning, and develop fast algorithms based on their mathematical properties.

Developing state-of-the-art tools that process 3D surfaces and volumes

We aim to study the causes and transmission modes of infectious diseases among members of a community in the presence of hidden, asymptomatic spreaders of the pathogen.

We are designing new parallel algorithms, optimizations, and frameworks for clustering large-scale graph and geometric data.

Our system for generating ad hoc “cache hierarchies” increases processing speed while reducing energy consumption

A framework to support implementing, specifying, verifying, and compiling hardware designs, modularly

The creation of low-power circuits capable of speech recognition and speaker verification will enable spoken interaction on a wide variety of devices in the era of Internet of Things.

Linking probability with geometry to improve the theory and practice of machine learning

Gerrymandering is a direct threat to our democracy, undermining founding principles like equal protection under the law and eroding public confidence in elections.

Transitioning machine learning models across electronic health record (EHR) versions can be improved by mapping different EHR encodings to a common vocabulary.

To enable privacy preservation in decentralized optimization, differential privacy is the most commonly used approach. However, under such scenario, the trade-off between accuracy (even efficiency) and privacy is inevitable. In this project, distributed numerical optimization scheme incorporated with lightweight cryptographic information sharing are explored. The affect on the convergence rate from network topology is considered.

We plan to develop a programming abstraction to enable programmers to write efficient parallel programs to process dynamic graphs.

To explore how randomness in connectivity can improve the performance of secure multi-party computation (MPC) and the properties of communication graph to support MPC.

33 People Results

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37 News Results

Wireless device captures sleep data without using cameras or body sensors; could aid patients with Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, or bedsores.

Through innovation in software and hardware, researchers move to reduce the financial and environmental costs of modern artificial intelligence.

Wireless system helps Boston retirement home care for COVID patients while reducing risk of contagion

System ensures hackers eavesdropping on large networks can’t find out who’s communicating and when they’re doing so.

A new MIT study finds “health knowledge graphs,” which show relationships between symptoms and diseases and are intended to help with clinical diagnosis, can fall short for certain conditions and patient populations. The results also suggest ways to boost their performance.

Research aims to make it easier for self-driving cars, robotics, and other applications to understand the 3D world.

Model could recreate video from motion-blurred images and “corner cameras,” may someday retrieve 3D data from 2D medical images.

New technique stretches out MRI scans of placentas so they can be more accurately analyzed, and shows the potential of MRI for pregnancy monitoring.

MIT system “learns” how to optimally allocate workloads across thousands of servers to cut costs, save energy.

System lets nonspecialists use machine-learning models to make predictions for medical research, sales, and more.

Speakers — all women — discuss everything from gravitational waves to robot nurses

System helps machine-learning models glean training information for diagnosing and treating brain conditions Home Node From one brain scan, more information for medical artificial intelligence

New architecture promises to cut in half the energy and physical space required to store and manage user data.

Technique could improve machine-learning tasks in protein design, drug testing, and other applications.

Workshop explores technical directions for making AI safe, fair, and understandable

Last week MIT’s Institute for Foundations of Data Science (MIFODS) held an interdisciplinary workshop aimed at tackling the underlying theory behind deep learning. Led by MIT professor Aleksander Madry, the event focused on a number of research discussions at the intersection of math, statistics, and theoretical computer science.

CSAIL’s approach uses algorithms and “2.5-D” sketches to let computers visualize images from any perspective

Computer scientists often develop mathematical models to understand how animals move, enabling breakthroughs in designing things like microrobotic wings and artificial bone structures.

MIT CSAIL system lets users change one part of a processor’s design without impacting the others

Model learns to pick out objects within an image, using spoken descriptions.

CSAIL system encourages government transparency using cryptography on a public log of wiretap requests.

Machine-learning model could help chemists make molecules with higher potencies, much more quickly.

Activity simulator could eventually teach robots tasks like making coffee or setting the table.

MIT professor discusses using paper-folding for applications in manufacturing, medicine, and robotics