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Algorithms & Theory , Big Data , Cybersecurity , Entertainment , Internet of Things , Manufacturing , Wireless
Algorithms & Theory , Big Data , Cybersecurity , Entertainment , Internet of Things , Manufacturing , Wireless

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A language for bioinformatics

With the vast growth of next-generation sequencing data, it’s hard to remember that in 1869 Friedrich Miescher isolated DNA for the first time using cells from nearby hospital bandages. Computational genomics has now ushered in a new era of precision medicine, helping find clinically relevant mutations, potential diagnostics for asthma, and precision-based, personalized medicine.

More efficient lidar sensing for self-driving cars

If you see a self-driving car out in the wild, you might notice a giant spinning cylinder on top of its roof. That’s a lidar sensor, and it works by sending out pulses of infrared light and measuring the time it takes for them to bounce off objects. This creates a map of 3D points that serve as a snapshot of the car’s surroundings.

Forum examines promises and limits of AI in clinical medicine

The confluence of medicine and artificial intelligence stands to create truly high-performance, specialized care for patients, with enhanced precision diagnosis and personalized disease management. But to supercharge these systems we need massive amounts of personal health data, coupled with a delicate balance of privacy, transparency, and trust.

Articles

A language for bioinformatics

With the vast growth of next-generation sequencing data, it’s hard to remember that in 1869 Friedrich Miescher isolated DNA for the first time using cells from nearby hospital bandages. Computational genomics has now ushered in a new era of precision medicine, helping find clinically relevant mutations, potential diagnostics for asthma, and precision-based, personalized medicine.

Forum examines promises and limits of AI in clinical medicine

The confluence of medicine and artificial intelligence stands to create truly high-performance, specialized care for patients, with enhanced precision diagnosis and personalized disease management. But to supercharge these systems we need massive amounts of personal health data, coupled with a delicate balance of privacy, transparency, and trust.

Learning spoken language

Every language has its own collection of phonemes, or the basic phonetic units from which spoken words are composed. Depending on how you count, English has somewhere between 35 and 45. Knowing a language’s phonemes can make it much easier for automated systems to learn to interpret speech.In the 2015 volume of Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics, CSAIL researchers describe a new machine-learning system that, like several systems before it, can learn to distinguish spoken words. But unlike its predecessors, it can also learn to distinguish lower-level phonetic units, such as syllables and phonemes.

What better wind-speed prediction can do for the energy industry

When a power company wants to build a new wind farm, it generally hires a consultant to make wind speed measurements at the proposed site for eight to 12 months. Those measurements are correlated with historical data and used to assess the site’s power-generation capacity.This month CSAIL researchers will present a new statistical technique that yields better wind-speed predictions than existing techniques do — even when it uses only three months’ worth of data. That could save power companies time and money, particularly in the evaluation of sites for offshore wind farms, where maintaining measurement stations is particularly costly.

Videos

More efficient lidar sensing for self-driving cars

If you see a self-driving car out in the wild, you might notice a giant spinning cylinder on top of its roof. That’s a lidar sensor, and it works by sending out pulses of infrared light and measuring the time it takes for them to bounce off objects. This creates a map of 3D points that serve as a snapshot of the car’s surroundings.