Guillermo Sapiro- Learning sparse representations to restore, classify, and sense images and videos

Sparse representations have recently drawn much attention from the signal processing and learning communities. The basic underlying model consist of considering that natural images, or signals in general, admit a sparse decomposition in some redundant dictionary. This means that we can find a linear combination of a few atoms from the dictionary that lead to an efficient representation of the original signal. Recent results have shown that learning overcomplete non-parametric dictionaries for image representation, instead of using off-the-shelf ones, significantly improves numerous image and video processing tasks. In this talk I will first present our results on learning multiscale overcomplete dictionaries for color image and video restoration. I will present the framework and provide numerous examples showing state-of-the-art results. I will then briefly show how to extend this to image classification, deriving energies and optimization procedures that lead to learning non-parametric dictionaries for sparse representations optimized for classification. I will conclude by showing preliminary results on the extension of this to sensing. All the reported results reflect ongoing research.