Meet CSAIL’s winners of the “Nobel Prize for computing”

2014 Turing Award winner Michael Stonebraker
2014 Turing Award winner Michael Stonebraker

Bookmark and Share

Congratulations to this year's Nobel Prize winners!

While computer science has no formal Nobel Prize, the Association for Computing Machinery’s A.M. Turing Award is often described as “the Nobel Prize of computing.”

Over the years, more than a dozen CSAIL-affiliated computer scientists have receive the award. Read below for more information about some of the honorees.


Michael Stonebraker, 2014

Stonebraker revolutionized the field of database management systems (DBMSs), inventing many of the concepts that are used in almost all modern databases. He also founded numerous successful database companies, including Data Tamer and Vertica (later bought by HP for $400 million). His award marks the first time that the honor came with a $1 million prize, thanks to a donation from Google.

Shafi Goldwasser and Silvio Micali, 2012

Goldwasser and Micali have done groundbreaking work in the fields of cryptography and complexity theory, developing new encryption mechanisms that are used in many of today’s communications protocols, Internet transactions and cloud computing. ACM credited the duo with “revolutionizing the science of cryptography” and developing the gold standard for enabling secure Internet transactions.
 

 Barbara Liskov, 2008

The first American woman to earn a PhD from a computer science department, Liskov pioneered the design of computer programming languages that underpin virtually every modern computing-related convenience in people's daily lives. The head of CSAIL’s Programming Methodology Group, Liskov has helped make software more reliable, consistent and resistant to errors and hacking. 


 

 

 

Ron Rivest, 2002


Rivest is a legend in the field of cryptography and co-creator of the RSA encryption algorithm, which is used for the vast majority of all financial transactions and secure communications online. He has designed several other important encoding methods, and is also co-author of “Introductions to Algorithms,” a classroom standard that has sold more than 500,000 copies.


Butler Lampson, 1992

Often described as one of “the fathers of the modern PC”, Lampson founded Xerox’s Palo Alto Research Center, where he helped create the Alto, the first computer to feature a mouse and a graphical user interface (GUI). An adjunct professor at MIT, he also developed Bravo, the first “what you see is what you get” (WYSIWYG) word processor.

Fernando “Corby” Corbato, 1990

Corbato was part of the initial team that created Project MAC, the predecessor to CSAIL. His work developing Multics and the Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS), which let multiple people use a computer at the same time, lowered the barriers to entry for computer use and ultimately helped pave the path to a world of personal computers.

 

 

 

Marvin Minsky, 1969

Often considered the founder of artificial intelligence as a discipline, Minsky conducted key work in artificial neural networks and symbol manipulation, while also building important hardware like the first head-mounted graphical display. He also founded MIT’s Artificial Intelligence Lab, which later merged with the Laboratory for Computer Science to become CSAIL.

Others

Other CSAIL community members who have won the award include former researchers John McCarthy and Dennis Ritchie, and alums Leslie Lamport ‘60 and Ivan Sutherland PhD ‘63.